Значение слова WOOD в Литературной энциклопедии


1) or A WOOD, ANTHONY (1632-1695).-Antiquary, was _b._ at Oxf., where he was _ed._ and spent most of his life. His antiquarian enthusiasm was awakened by the collections of Leland, and he early began to visit and study the antiquities of his native county. This with history, heraldry, genealogies, and music occupied his whole time. By 1669 he had written his _History and Antiquities of the University of Oxford_, which was translated into Latin not to his satisfaction by the Univ. authorities, and he wrote a fresh English copy which was printed in 1786. His great work was _Athenae Oxonienses; an exact History of all the Writers and Bishops who have had their Education in the University of Oxford, to which are added the Fasti or Annals of the said University_ (1691-92). For an alleged libel on the Earl of Clarendon in that work the author was expelled in 1694. He also wrote _The Ancient and Present State of the City of Oxford_, and _Modius Salium, a Collection of Pieces of Humour_, generally of an ill-natured cast. 2) WOOD, MRS. ELLEN (PRICE) (1814-1887).-Novelist, writing as "Mrs. Henry Wood," was _b._ at Worcester. She wrote over 30 novels, many of which, especially _East Lynne_, had remarkable popularity. Though the stories are generally interesting, they have no distinction of style. Among the best known are _Danesbury House_, _Oswald Cray_, _Mrs. Halliburton's Troubles_, _The Channings_, _Lord Oakburn's Daughters_, and _The Shadow of Ashlydyat_. Mrs. W. was for some years proprietor and ed. of the _Argosy_. 3)WOOD, JOHN GEORGE (1827-1889).-Writer on natural history, _s._ of a surgeon, _b._ in London, and _ed._ at home and at Oxf., where he worked for some time in the anatomical museum. He took orders, and among other benefices which he held was for a time chaplain to St. Bartholomew's Hospital. He was a very prolific writer on natural history, though rather as a populariser than as a scientific investigator, and was in this way very successful. Among his numerous works may be mentioned _Illustrated Natural History_ (1853), _Animal Traits and Characteristics_ (1860), _Common Objects of the Sea Shore_ (1857), _Out of Doors_ (1874), _Field Naturalist's Handbook_ (with T. Wood) (1879-80), books on gymnastics, sport, etc., and an ed. of White's _Selborne_.

Литературная энциклопедия.